Where does fatigue come from?

It doesn’t come from the body. Even when people exercise to exhaustion, studies have shown that there is fuel left in the tank – one found there was enough energy left in muscle tissue for participants to have kept going for another seven or eight minutes. The brain puts the brakes on, stepping in to stop us from over-exerting and injuring ourselves long before we reach our actual limits.

According to the latest research, our physical endurance is determined by our “perception of effort” – how much work the brain thinks that the body has done. But the brain can be tricked. In Brazil, a group of scientists improved power output in cyclists by 10% by running a small electric current through the brain. Elsewhere, it has been shown that giving athletes incorrect information about the temperature can help them maintain their performance in hot conditions, and that lying to them about their split times can help them break personal bests.

In one study, Professor Samuele Marcora and colleagues asked people to pedal an exercise bike at a fixed pace for as long as possible. Unbeknown to the participants, a screen in front of them was flashing up subliminal images for 1/16th of a second at a time. Cyclists flashed images of sad faces rode for 22 minutes and 22 seconds on average. Those shown happy faces reported less perceived exertion, and rode for three minutes longer. Marcora now wants to develop a pair of goggles that could flash up this kind of image at athletes while they are out training.

Forcing ourselves to keep going also means ignoring all the signals from our body telling us to stop. This “response inhibition” is very mentally taxing, and it causes a substance called adenosine to build up in the brain. Adenosine is associated with the feeling of mental fatigue – it builds up when people run marathons or work on boring spreadsheets, or if they haven’t had enough sleep. Adenosine increases perception of effort. It is the enemy of endurance.

Mo Farah drinks a couple of espressos before a race, to reduce mental fatigue.

Caffeine blocks adenosine. This is why Mo Farah drinks a couple of espressos before a race, and why caffeine pills and gum have become an essential part of the long-distance runner’s pre-race preparation. You can also train your brain, by doing monotonous response- inhibition tasks before or during exercise. In the short term, this will make your performance worse, but in the long run your brain will learn to produce less adenosine, which will reduce perception of effort and increase endurance.

In one study, Marcora asked two groups of soldiers to do a time-to-exhaustion test, where they were asked to ride at a fixed percentage of their maximum until they couldn’t any more. After 12 weeks of training the control group’s time-to-exhaustion had improved by 42%. The other group performed a mentally fatiguing task alongside their physical training sessions. Their time to exhaustion improved by 115%.

Auditory versions of these tasks for smartphones are in the works, but you can replicate the effect simply by changing your training patterns. For your brain, running five miles after a hard day’s work feels like the last five miles of a much longer run. It offers a much better workout for your willpower. It’s mind over matter, and fortunately for athletes – from the elite to the amateur – the mind is much easier to manipulate.

This article was originally posted at The Guardian.

Photo credits: occoquanbayperformance.com

About the author

Amit Katwala is the author of The Athletic Brain out on 11 August. To order a copy, go to bookshop.theguardian.com.

Russell Brand, famous comedian, actor, radio host, and activist, at the video below debunks all established standards of society as we know it. It makes references to our (limited) perception, that there are energies, vibrations, frequencies that are everywhere around us, which we can not perceive.

He also explains that we are spiritual beings, trapped temporarily in the physical plane, that we all should live spiritual lives, and that we can, even for a moment at least, get a small taste of this infinity, the unity of everything. Within us there is infinite ability to connect with the whole universe, but if we don’t have access to our spirituality, if you don’t cultivate this inner connection, we suffer as individuals, as a society.

Watch this wonderful video, which is an awesome collection of his inspired interviews.

 

photo: i.ytimg.com

“Kymatica” focuses on human and global consciousness and demonstrates how sick psyche of the human species creates this crazy illusion that brings all the pain and torment.

Deepens in the metaphysical aspects, by linking the ancient hidden myths with history, and modern life of society with the political regime. It also refers in shamanism, duality, the truth about the DNA and today’s misconceptions.

Ultimately, “Kymatica” is an amazing documentary that tries to emphasize the fundamental misconception that humanity faces today, which has resulted in imbalance between our planet, nature and species.

Here is a short list of mind-opening movies that will alter your perception of reality.

1. “Deja Vu” (2006)

An American action thriller film with elements of science fiction. An agent travels back in time in attempts to prevent a domestic terrorist attack that takes place in New Orleans and to save a woman with whom he falls in love.

 

2. “The Jacket” (2005)

This is a story of a person who is subjected to physical and mental torture in a psychiatric clinic. As a result of this suffering, he learned to travel with the help of his subconscious mind and look into the future. Very deep film of special mood and atmosphere. The actors are very believable, which forces the viewer to experience the feelings experienced by themselves.

 

3. “Inception” (2010)

A thief who steals corporate secrets through use of dream-sharing technology is given the inverse task of planting an idea into the mind of a CEO.

 

4. “The Thirteenth Floor” (1999)

The main characters of the movie (scientists) create a virtual reality model in which they are immersed one by one. Furthermore, this pattern applies not only to the genre of science fiction.. This is also a fantasy, thriller, romance, and, for the most part, a detective story. In general, this film is a clever and thought-provoking puzzle.

 

5. “The Fountain” (2006)

It is an incredible movie full of feelings and emotions, with an intricate, well thought out and beautiful story of love and eternal life.

 

6. “Dark City” (1998)

All this looks like a nightmare… The endless darkness of the streets that resemble mazes, constant pursuit and struggle… The city from which there is no escape. The film itself is very grim.

 

7. “The Matrix” (1999)

A cult movie the meaning of which is very easy to understand. The whole world is an illusion and only exists in our imagination. “The Matrix” is a kind of philosophical action movie with incredible special effects, which are admired to this day.

 

8. “The Adjustment Bureau” (2011)

An ambitious politician meets a beautiful contemporary ballet dancer, a woman like none he’s ever known. But just as he realizes he’s falling in love with her, mysterious men conspire to keep them apart. The politician learns he is up against the agents of Fate itself – the men of The Adjustment Bureau – who will do everything in their considerable power to prevent them from being together. In the face of overwhelming odds, he must either let her go and accept a predetermined path…or risk everything to defy Fate and be with her.

Here are 10 Confucius quotes that will inspire you and help you change your life.

1. “Never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself.”

Remember to follow the “Golden Rule!”

2. “Real knowledge is to know the extent of one’s ignorance.”

Ignorance is the greatest cause of suffering. Enlightenment is our liberation.

3. “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.”

Another saying I love: 1000 repetitions answers all questions.

4. “Everything has beauty, but not everyone sees it.”

You really have to open your mind to see the beauty in the world. See the world through clear eyes.

5. “The Superior Man is aware of Righteousness, the inferior man is aware of advantage.”

Another quote is “The object of the superior man is truth.”

6. “Wheresoever you go, go with all your heart.”

This is a great one. It’s important to be all in, all there, wherever you are.

7. “Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in getting up every time we do.”

We all will fail at some point or another. But true failure is only when we fail to get up.

8. “He who learns but does not think, is lost. He who thinks but does not learn is in great danger.”

There’s more to being well educated than reading books. Remember to think critically.

9. “He that would perfect his work must first sharpen his tools.”

And remember, your mind is one of your most important tools.

10. “If you look into your own heart, and you find nothing wrong there, what is there to worry about? What is there to fear?”

This is one I could benefit from applying more to my own life. My life is good, all things considered. Yet I still feel some anxiety about my life and choices. Maybe that’s normal, but Confucius has a good point. If there’s nothing wrong in your heart, let go of your worry.

Source: Higher Perspective